In the province of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, special laws have been enacted for children, including:

Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929

The federal law Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929 is also enforced in KP prohibiting child marriages and early marriages in the province.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Child Protection and Welfare Act, 2010

The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Child Protection and Welfare Act, 2010 aims to protect and promote the rights and welfare of children in the province. The law covers a wide range of issues related to child protection, including child abuse, neglect, exploitation, and trafficking. It also establishes a system for the registration and monitoring of children’s homes and orphanages, as well as a Child Protection and Welfare Commission to oversee the implementation of the law. The law also includes provision for punishment of the violators of this Act.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Prohibition of Employment of Children Act, 2015

The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Prohibition of Employment of Children Act, 2015 prohibits and regulate the employment of children and adolescent under the age of 18 in any hazardous or non-hazardous work. Under the Act, a “child” means a person who has not completed his fourteenth year of age and “adolescent” means a person who has completed fourteenth but has not completed his eighteenth year of age. No child shall be employed or permitted to work in any establishment with the exception that a child not below the age of 12 years may be engaged in the light work, alongside his family member, for a maximum of two hours per day mainly for the purpose of acquiring skills, in a private undertaking, or in any school established, assisted or recognized by Government for such purpose. No adolescent shall be employed or permitted to work in any hazardous work included in the Schedule, which lists 4 occupations and 35 processes.  The law also includes penalties for employers who violate the law, including fines and imprisonment. It also establishes a system for inspections and enforcement to ensure compliance with the law. The Act also includes provision for punishment of violators of the act.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 2015

The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 2015 aims to abolish the practice of bonded labor in the region. The law prohibits the taking or giving of any loan on the security of the person of the borrower or any member of his family, and makes it illegal to subject any person to forced labor as a means of repayment of a debt. It also establishes penalties for violators and provides for the release and rehabilitation of bonded laborers. The Act also includes provisions for the establishment of labor courts and the appointment of inspectors to enforce the law and protect the rights of workers.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Protection of Breast-Feeling and Child Nutrition Act, 2015

The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Protection of Breast-Feeding and Child Nutrition Act, 2015 aims to promote and support the health and well-being of infants and young children by encouraging breast-feeding and ensuring access to proper nutrition. The law includes provisions to protect the rights of working mothers to breast-feed or express milk, to provide education and support for breast-feeding mothers, and to establish nutrition programs for children. It also includes penalties for those who interfere with a mother’s right to breast-feed or who falsely advertise breast-milk substitutes. The law also tries to create a supportive environment for breastfeeding mothers by making it mandatory for all public places, such as hospitals, malls, schools, offices, airports, and public transport, to have designated breastfeeding rooms, also the law requires private businesses to provide breastfeeding breaks to working mothers.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Free Compulsory Primary and Secondary Education Act, 2017

The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Free Compulsory Primary and Secondary Education Act, 2017 is a law that guarantees free and compulsory primary and secondary education for children between the ages of 5 and 16. The law requires that all children in the province attend school and imposes penalties on parents who fail to do so. The Act also provides the provision of free textbooks, uniforms, and transportation to school for children from low-income families. The law also include the provision of punishment for those who violate this Act.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa School Bags (Limitation of Weight) Act, 2020

The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa School Bags (Limitation of Weight) Act, 2020 regulates the weight of school bags for students in the province. The Act sets a maximum weight limit for school bags based on the grade level of the student, with the goal of reducing the physical strain on children caused by carrying heavy bags to and from school. The act also directs the schools to ensure that the students are not carrying excessive weight and also to provide lockers for the students. The Act also provides for penalties for violators of the law, including fines and imprisonment. This Act is meant to protect the physical and mental health of students by limiting the weight of the bags they are required to carry to school.

National Laws

Kindly check national laws which also have jurisdiction in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

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