In the province of Balochistan, special laws have been enacted for children, including:
Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929
The federal law Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929 is also enforced in Balochistan prohibiting child marriages and early marriages in the province.
Balochistan Compulsory Education Act, 2014
The Balochistan Compulsory Education Act, 2014 is a law passed by the government of the Pakistani province of Balochistan, which makes primary education compulsory for all children between the ages of 5 and 16. The law also requires parents and guardians to ensure that their children are enrolled in school and attend regularly. The Act was passed in order to improve literacy rates and increase access to education in the province, which has historically had low levels of enrollment and high dropout rates. The government has also established a system of fines and penalties for parents who do not comply with the law.
Balochistan Borstal Institutions Act 2014
The Balochistan Borstal Institutions Act, 2014, is a law passed by the government of the Pakistani province of Balochistan for the establishment and regulation of Borstal Institutions in Balochistan. A borstal institution is a type of detention center for juvenile offenders and is defined as the institution where juveniles may be detained and given education and training for their mental, moral and psychological development. The Act aims to provide a safe and secure environment for juvenile offenders and to provide them with opportunities for rehabilitation and re-integration into society. The Act also includes provisions for the protection of the rights of young offenders, including their rights to education, health care, recreation and medical care amongst others and to have good physical environment and accommodation.
Balochistan Domestic Violence (Prevention and Protection) Act, 2014
The Balochistan Domestic Violence (Prevention and Protection) Act, 2014 is a law that was enacted in the Balochistan province of Pakistan. The law aims to prevent and protect individuals from domestic violence, which includes physical, emotional, psychological, and sexual abuse by a family member or partner. The Act also provides for the protection and welfare of victims of domestic violence, and establishes a system for the investigation, prosecution, and punishment of domestic violence offenses. The law also establish a protection officer, who will provide assistance to the victim and take necessary steps for the protection of the victim. The Act also provides for the establishment of protection centers for the provision of shelter, legal aid and medical aid to the victims of domestic violence.
Balochistan Child Protection Act, 2016
The Balochistan Child Protection Act, 2016 is a law passed by the government of the Pakistani province of Balochistan, which aims to provide for the protection of children in Balochistan from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury, neglect or negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation, including sexual abuse. Under the Act, the Child Protection Commission is to establish within the Social Welfare department of the government of Balochistan, functions as an advisory, coordinating and monitoring body while each District Social Welfare Office should carry out the actual child protection work through its Child Protection Unit. Responsibility of the Child Protection Unit includes receiving complaints and reports of child abuse, conducting investigations, and providing assistance and support to children who are victims of abuse or exploitation. The Act also provides for the creation of a Child Protection Committee at district level for monitoring and implementation of the provisions of the act.
Balochistan Persons with Disability Act, 2017
The Balochistan Person with Disability Act, 2017 is a law that was enacted in the Balochistan province of Pakistan, which aimed to protect the rights of people with disabilities and ensure their inclusion in the society. The law covers a wide range of issues related to the rights and welfare of persons with disabilities, including education, employment, health care, transportation, and accessibility.
The Act provides for the establishment of a Disability Commission, which would be responsible for monitoring the implementation of the law and ensuring that the rights of people with disabilities are protected. It also provides for the creation of a special quota for people with disabilities in government jobs and educational institutions, as well as for the provision of assistive devices and other forms of support to enable them to lead independent lives.
Additionally, the Act also provides for the establishment of rehabilitation centers, special schools and vocational training centers, and also provide for the accessibility of public buildings, transport and other areas of public life.
Overall, the Balochistan Person with Disability Act, 2017 is an important step towards promoting the inclusion and rights of people with disabilities in the Balochistan province of Pakistan.
Balochistan Employment of Children (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 2021
Balochistan Employment of Children (Prohibition and Regulation) Act was enacted in 2021 to regulate and prohibit the employment of children in Balochistan province. A child is a defined as any person who has not completed fourteenth year of age, and adolescent or young person is defined as a person who has completed fourteenth year of age but has not completed eighteenth year of age. Children above 12 years and below 14 years are allowed to do work which is not likely to be harmful to children’s health and development. No person under the age of 18 years are permitted to work in any hazardous occupations including 4 occupations and 38 processes. Child domestic labour is also listed as prohibited process under the Schedule. The Government shall notify the Balochistan Coordination Committee on Child Labour comprises of eight members to advise government for appropriate legislative, administrative and other measures for the eradication of child labour as per national and international instruments.
Balochistan Forced and Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 2021
The law was enacted in the Balochistan Province of Pakistan to provide for abolition of forced labour and bonded labour system with a view to prevent the economic and physical exploitation of workers and for matters connected. The Act also provide penalties for employers who violate the law. Vigilance Committees shall be set up at the District level, consisting of representatives of the District Administration, Bar associations, press, recognized Social Services and Labour Department of Government and elders of the area to advise the government for the implementation of the law.
Kindly check national laws which also have jurisdiction in the province of Balochistan.