Government of Gilgit Baltistan Order, 2018

The Government of Gilgit-Baltistan Order was introduced in 2018 to give GB a more autonomous status. The Order outlines the governance structure and administrative arrangements for the GB and provides some degree of self-governance. The Order establishes a GB Legislative Assembly with the power to make laws on various issues, including education, health and local government. There are two important provisions related to child labour and education in the GB Order 2018, including, Article 11 prohibits slavery, all forms of forced labour, human trafficking and child labor in any factory, mine or any other hazardous employment, and Article 27 guarantees the right to education for children aged five to sixteen.

Gilgit-Baltistan Prohibition of Corporal Punishment Against Children Act, 2015

The Gilgit-Baltistan Prohibition of Corporal Punishment Against Children Act, 2015 prohibits corporal punishment against children in the region. The law defines corporal punishment as any punishment that causes physical pain or discomfort to a child. The Act prohibits the use of corporal punishment in any setting, including in the home, schools and other institutions including in the family and work place, in all types of educational institutions including forma, non formal, and religious both public and private, in child care institutions including foster care, rehabilitation centres and any other alternative care settings both public and private, and in the juvenile justice system.

Gilgit-Baltistan Child Protection Response Act 2017

Gilgit-Baltistan Child Protection Response Act 2017 (GB-CPRA) provides a state response for the protection of children in Gilgit-Baltistan from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury, neglect or negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation, including sexual abuse in a coordinated manner through child protection case management and referral system. Under Section 11 of the GB-CPRA 2017, the Social Welfare Department is appointed as the lead government department for implementing CMRS in collaboration with other departments and organisations. To operationalise the GB-CPRA, a child protection case management and referral system has been established and implementation in the administrative territory, which recognises the exploitation of children among various protection concerns.

Gilgit-Baltistan Prohibition of Employment of Children Act, 2019

The Gilgit-Baltistan Prohibition of Employment of Children Act (GB-PECA) of 2019 aims to protect children from exploitation and abuse in the region. The Act defines a child as a person who has not completed 14 years of age and an adolescent as a person who has completed 14 years but not completed 18 years of age. It prohibits the employment of children in any occupation or process and the employment of adolescents in any hazardous occupation or process. The GB-PECA 2019 specifies a list of occupations and processes that are deemed hazardous for adolescents, such as mining, quarrying, blasting, cement manufacturing, glass manufacturing, leather tanning, carpet weaving, brick kiln, and domestic work. It also empowers the government to add or remove any occupation or process from the list by notification.

The Act provides for the establishment of a GB Coordination Committee on Child Labor (GB-CCCL) to advise the Government for the appropriate legislative, administrative, and other measure for eradication of child labour as per international instruments or conventions and to coordinate, approve and monitor all child labour elimination programmes in GB. It also provides for the appointment of inspectors who shall inspect workplaces and premises where children or adolescents are employed or permitted to work.

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