Educational Data

Literacy Rate

Literacy Rate (10 Years and Above)-Pakistan

Province/Area Male Female Total (%)

Year 2019-20

Pakistan 70 50 60
Rural 64 39 52
Urban 79 67 74

Source: PSLM Survey 2019-20, Bureau of Statistics

Analysis

According to the Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement (PSLM) district level Survey 2019-20, the literacy rate of population (10 years and above) is stagnant at 60 percent in 2019-20 since 2014-15. The literacy rate is higher in urban areas (74 percent) than in rural areas (52 percent).

Literacy Rate (10 Years and Above)-Provincial

Province Male Female Total (%)
Year 2019-20
Punjab 72 57 64
Rural 67 48 57
Urban 80 72 76
Sindh 68 47 58
Rural 53 23 39
Urban 79 66 73
Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa 71 35 53
Rural 69 31 50
Urban 80 53 67
Balochistan 61 29 46
Rural 55 22 40
Urban 76 47 63

Source: PSLM Survey 2019-20, Bureau of Statistics

Analysis

Province wise analysis suggests that Punjab has the highest literacy rate, with 64 percent followed by Sindh with 58 percent, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa with 53 percent and Balochistan with 46 percent.

Primary Enrolment Rates

Gross Enrolment Rates (GER) for Year 2019-20

National and Provincial GER (Age 6-10 yrs) at Primary Level (Classes 1-5)

Province/Area Male Female Total
Pakistan 89 78 84
Punjab 93 90 92
Sindh 78 62 71
Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa 96 73 85
Balochistan 84 56 72

Source: PSLM District Level Survey 2019-20, Pakistan Bureau of Statistics

Net Enrolment Rates (NER) for Year 2019-20

National and Provincial NER (Age 6-10 yrs) at Primary Level (Classes 1-5) (%)

Province/Area Male Female Total
Pakistan 68 60 64
Punjab 71 89 70
Sindh 60 49 55
Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa 72 56 65
Balochistan 65 45 56

Source: PSLM District Level Survey 2019-20, Pakistan Bureau of Statistics

Government Expenditures on Education

Yearly Comparison of Educational Expenditures as % of GDP

Expenditures on Education
Year As % of GDP
2015-16 2.3%
2016-17 2.2%
2017-18 2.4%
2018-19 2.3%
2019-20 (P) 1.5%

P: Provisional

Source: Economic Survey of Pakistan 2020-21

Analysis

According to the Economic Survey of Pakistan 2020-21, the education related expenditures witnessed a decline in Year 2020 due to closure of educational institutes amid country-wide lockdown and decrease in current expenditures (other than salaries) due to COVID-19 Pandemic. Furthermore, as a result of COVID-19 crisis, there was an increase in expenditure of other Social Sectors i.e., health, natural calamities & other disasters, Benazir Income Support Programme, Pakistan Bait-ul-Maal etc.

National and Provincial Government Expenditures on Education in YEAR 2018-19 and 2019-20

Year 2018-19 (in Millions)
Federal Punjab Sindh KP Balochistan Pakistan
Current 103,787 339,402 153,492 132,516 49,298 778,495
Development 21,780 32,413 9,110 20,195 6,029 89,527
Total 125,567 371,815 162,602 152,711 55,327 868,022
Year 2019-20 (P) (in Millions)
Current 83,266 182,616 165,028 28,161 53,640 512,711
Development 31,300 35,378 5,427 18,088 8,111 98,304
Total 114,566 217,994 170,455 46,249 61,751 611,015

P: Provisional

Source: Economic Survey of Pakistan 2020-21

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