Right to Education

Concept of Education

Education can be defined as a systematic process of acquiring knowledge, skills, values, and attitudes through various formal and informal means. It is a structured and organized approach to facilitating learning, typically carried out in schools, colleges, universities, or other educational institutions. Education involves the transfer of information, development of critical thinking and problem-solving skills, and the cultivation of personal, social, and emotional growth in individuals. It aims to empower learners, enabling them to understand the world, contribute to society, and lead fulfilling lives. Education is a lifelong process that can occur in diverse settings, encompassing formal instruction, self-directed learning, and experiential knowledge acquisition.

Right to Education

The right to education is a fundamental principle that asserts that everyone has the inherent right to access and receive education without discrimination. This right encompasses various aspects, including access to education, the quality of education and non-discrimination in educational opportunities.

Foundation of Human Dignity and Freedom

Education is an essential prerequisite for the development and fulfillment of human potential. It enables individuals to exercise their rights, participate in society and pursue their aspirations. By ensuring access to education, societies uphold the inherent dignity and freedom of every human being and enable them to lead a meaningful and fulfilling life.

Empowerment and Social Mobility

Education serves as a powerful tool for empowerment and social mobility. It equips individuals with knowledge, skills, and critical thinking abilities necessary to navigate life’s challenges, contribute to their communities, and pursue opportunities for personal and professional growth. Access to education enables individuals to break the cycle of poverty, overcome barriers, and achieve social and economic advancement.

Promotion of Equality and Social Justice

The Right to Education promotes equality and social justice by ensuring that education is accessible to all members of society, regardless of their background, identity, or socio-economic status. It seeks to address disparities in educational opportunities and outcomes, particularly for marginalized and disadvantaged groups, thereby promoting greater social cohesion and inclusivity.

Prevention of Discrimination and Marginalization

Education plays a crucial role in preventing discrimination and exclusion by promoting understanding, tolerance and respect for diversity. It equips individuals with the knowledge and skills to challenge prejudice, stereotypes and discriminatory practices and promote a culture of inclusivity and human rights. By ensuring equal access to education, societies can mitigate systemic inequalities and promote social harmony.

Fulfillment of Other Human Rights

Education is closely linked to the realization of other human rights, including the right to health, employment, political participation and cultural development. A well-educated population is better able to advocate for its rights, participate in democratic processes and contribute to development efforts. When governments and societies prioritize the right to education, they create an enabling environment for the realization of a broad range of human rights.

Investment in the Future

Education is an investment in the future prosperity and well-being of societies. It contributes to economic growth, innovation and social development by producing a skilled workforce, fostering entrepreneurship and driving scientific and technological progress. There is evidence that countries that have progressed in their development have prioritized education, leading to the building of resilient and prosperous societies.

Education- A fundamental Right in Pakistan

 Education is recognized as a fundamental right under the Constitution of Pakistan (Article 25A). Fundamental rights are basic rights and freedoms that every person is entitled to, typically enshrined in a country’s constitution or other legal documents. These rights are considered essential for the dignity, autonomy, justice and well-being of individuals, and they serve as safeguards against government oppression and abuse. They establish a framework for democratic governance and the rule of law, empowering individuals to live freely and participate meaningfully in society.
Article 25-A, inserted through the 18th Amendment in 2010, explicitly states that “the state shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of five to sixteen years in such a manner as may be determined by law.” This constitutional provision underscores that the government is responsible for establishing and maintaining an effective education system that meets the diverse needs of the population. In case of violations or shortcomings in the provision of education, individuals can seek recourse through the judiciary to hold the government accountable for fulfilling its obligations.

Levels and Types of Education System in Pakistan

Pakistan’s education consists of different systems (HEC 2015). The formal education system comprises six levels — pre-primary, primary, middle, secondary, higher secondary and higher education— – and ends with a university degree. Parallel to the formal system, there are O- and A-level qualifications accredited by Cambridge Assessment International Education (CAIE), which offer internationally recognized qualifications in various subjects that are different from those offered by Pakistani boards. Religious education in Deeni Madaris, based on the teachings of the Qur’an, emphasizes Islamic studies. Although they are largely unregulated, the government has recently made efforts to integrate and modernize the curricula of the madrassas. In addition, Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) prepares students for employment in fields such as mechanical, electrical and computer engineering. The public sector remains the main provider of educational services at all levels. It accounts for the majority of all educational institutions across the country.

Source: Pakistan Institute of Education


    Go toTop