International Human Rights Standards- Child Trafficking

United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC)

Also known as the Palermo Convention, this treaty was adopted in 2000 and entered into force in 2003. It provides a comprehensive framework for combating transnational organized crime, including trafficking in persons.

Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (Palermo Protocol)

This protocol supplements the UNTOC and was also adopted in 2000. It focuses specifically on trafficking in persons, especially women and children, and sets forth measures for prevention, protection, and prosecution.

UN Convention on the Rights of Child (CRC)

The UNCRC emphasizes the protection of children from all forms of exploitation, abuse, and violence, which includes trafficking. Article 35 of the UNCRC, for example, calls for States Parties to take all appropriate national, bilateral, and multilateral measures to prevent the abduction, sale, or trafficking of children for any purpose or in any form. Additionally, Article 34 addresses the protection of children from sexual exploitation and sexual abuse.

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography

Adopted in 2000, this protocol supplements the Convention on the Rights of the Child and addresses the sale of children, child prostitution, and child pornography, which are often related to trafficking.

International Labour Organization (ILO) Convention on the Worst Forms of Child Labour (No. 182)

This convention, adopted in 1999, addresses the worst forms of child labor, including situations that can lead to child trafficking such as forced labour, trafficking for laboru exploitation, and forced recruitment for armed conflict.


The objective of this portal is to provide authentic information on the issues and challenges faced by children in Pakistan, especially to key stakeholders on the impact and magnitude of the problem, institutional arrangements and recommendations for action. >>more


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